Groundwater in Washington County has contaminants above the established health risk limits in a number of aquifers. The contamination is generally of two types:
- Contamination resulting from volatile organic or inorganic chemicals leaching from legal and illegal waste disposal and underground storage tanks
- Contamination of nitrates in parts of the county resulting from certain land use practices and sensitive geologic conditions
Special Well and Boring Construction Area (SWCA)
The Minnesota Department of Health declared a Special Well and Boring Construction Area (SWCA), sometimes called a well advisory, for areas where contaminants are found at a level that poses public health risks. The purpose of a SWCA is to inform the public of potential health risks in areas of groundwater contamination, provide for the construction of safe water supplies, and prevent the spread of contamination due to the improper drilling of wells or borings. The SWCA designation provides for controls on the drilling or alteration of public and private water supply wells, and the monitoring of wells in the area. Washington County has four Special Well and Boring Construction Areas:
- Lake Elmo/Oakdale
- Baytown/West Lakeland Townships
- Lakeland/Lakeland Shores
- St. Paul Park/Newport
Go to the Minnesota Department of Health Special Well and Boring Construction Areas to learn more information about each site.
Perfluorochemical (PFC) Waste
Perfluorochemical (PFC) containing wastes were disposed of by the 3M Company at the 3M disposal sites in Oakdale, Woodbury, and Cottage Grove, and the former Washington County Landfill in Lake Elmo. PFCs were released from the sites, resulting in contamination of groundwater and nearby drinking water wells. PFCs are also referred to as Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS).
Additional information on PFC contamination
- Minnesota Department of Health
- Minnesota Pollution Control Agency Perfluorochemicals
In addition, Cottage Grove, Oakdale, Woodbury, and St. Paul Park have a number of supply wells for their public drinking water systems affected by the updated values. All affected community public drinking water systems will be able to put in place interim measures that will provide drinking water at or below the new MDH health-based guidance. Cottage Grove in particular has made some temporary changes in their water supply system to ensure compliance with new health based values.
For more information on MDH and MPCA’s response to this new guidance and the impacts, see the MDH website.
Also view this interactive map to see the priority sampling area.
For questions or health related concerns, contact the Minnesota Department of Health.
MDH HazHealth line – 651-201-4897 or email@example.com
VOC Testing in Contamination Areas
The Department of Public Health and Environment offers private well water testing for volatile organic compounds, including trichloroethylene. See the water tests page for more information.
In response to the MDH guidance, for PFOS and PFOA, and the need to prioritize sampling being conducted by MPCA and MDH, the county has suspended PFC testing until further notice.
Nitrates have also been found in private wells at levels that exceed the established health risk level of 10 mg/L. The majority of wells affected by nitrate contamination are found in Cottage Grove and Denmark township, though you can see high nitrates in other areas, from localized sources. See the link below for results of a recent private well testing study conducted by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture, in partnership with the county and the Washington Conservation District.
Nitrates in Washington County
MDA Washington County 2014 Summary Report